Chapter 4 Take-aways

1. Indexes can be a couple of things. Usually at the back of a book there is an index with words or phrases in alphabetical order with page numbers in the book where you can find that term. In libraries, indexes are something else altogether. In libraries, we use periodical indexes. For what? Periodical indexes are the main tools for finding articles in periodicals. Let me say that a different way. If you want to find periodical (journal, magazine, newspaper) articles, you would use a periodical index.

If you tell a librarian that you need information on PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) in children, and you need to use scholarly journals, the librarian will show you an index to use. In this case, probably an index that focuses on psychology. The best one is PsycInfo. To get there, you go to the library’s home page and click on Article Indexes and Databases in the center of the page. You would not use QuickSearch, because you want to use journal articles, and PsycInfo will give you better, more focused articles than Quicksearch. Click on P at the bottom of the page, and then PsycInfo. When you do, you’ll see this page:

psychinfo1This is when you want to remember Boolean searching from the last chapter. You don’t want articles on just children or just PTSD or post-traumatic stress disorder. So you will use a search statement like you see in this search box:


Now, you need to use scholarly articles. Let me give you a little hint: scholarly articles are the same thing as peer reviewed articles. You can see right under the search box a box you can click on for Peer reviewed. Click on that, you will get records for the kind of articles you want. You retrieve over 3000 records! Wow! You might want to narrow down your list by clicking on one of the limiters on the right side of the page:


You can see that we’ve already narrowed source type to scholarly journals. We can also limit to English language and to a particular date range (2000-2013). We might also want to limit by population, in this case childhood (birth – 12 years)

When we place all those limits on our search, we end up with just over 1,000 records. That’s still a lot, but let’s look at a couple of these records to see if we are getting what we want. See a couple of the records below:


The first article looks like it might work, but as to the second, we’re not really interested in Kurdistanian children and their parents in homeland and exile. We can either click on the linked article itself, or on the link at the bottom of the record—Citation/Abstract. When we do, we see:


If we click on the subjects Child psychopathology and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, we will narrow our search down even more. Subject headings or descriptors are not the same as keywords. Subject headings are assigned by the database creator and are very specific to the database. Also, because they have been assigned to the record, you can bet that they are going to be found only in those articles whose contents are mainly about the subject.

See the Get it@ISU button circled in red? Sometimes you will see a record like the one below:


In this case, you can get the full text (or PDF) straight from the database. But the record above this one does not indicate that you can get full-text PDF. However, if you click on the Get it@ISU button, our system will search all our databases to see if we have that record online from another database.

We don’t have every article that can be found in PsycInfo, online or in print. If we don’t, Interlibrary Loan is a quick way to get the article.

Remember: Periodical indexes’ main purpose is to help you find citations to articles on your subject.

2. Sometimes you find a citation in the list of references in a book or at the end of a scholarly article, and you’re not sure whether the citation is to a book, an article, or a book chapter.

For a book the citation should always have:

  • Book author
  • Book title
  • Place where the book was published
  • Publisher
  • Date of publication

These parts may be in a different order, but they are always there.

  • Article author
  • Article title
  • Journal title
  • Volume and issue
  • Date
  • Page numbers

Again, these might be in a different order, but they should all be there (except in the case of issue; some citations may have a volume number without an issue number.

A book chapter looks a little different, but has:

  • Chapter author
  • Chapter title
  • The word “In
  • The book author or editor
  • The book title
  • Place of publication of the book
  • Publisher of the book
  • Date
  • Page numbers for the chapter within the book.

Let’s see if you can identify whether the following are books, articles, or book chapters:

a. Samuel S. Green. “Personal relations between librarians and readers.” Library Journal, vol. 1 (Oct. 1876): 74-81.

b. Becker, Howard Saul, Blanche Geer, ad Everett C. Hughes. 1968. Making the grade: the academic side of college life. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

c. Kvivik, Robert B. 2005. Convenience, communications, and control: How students use technology. In Educating the net generation, edited by Diana G. Oblinger and James L. Oblinger. Boulder, CO: EDUCAUSE, 86-113.

d. Toffler, Alvin. 1970. Future shock. New York: Random House.

e. Suchman, Luch A., and Randall H. Trigg. “Understanding practice: Video as a medium for reflection and design.” In Design at work: cooperative design of computer systems, ed. Joan Greenbaum and Morten Kyng, 65-89. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1950.

f. Wagner, Cynthia. “Blabbing on your blog.” Futurist, 40:4 (2006): 7-9.

, Nick. Tomorrow never knows: Rock and psychedelics in the 1960s. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.

>Dore. “Response to crisis in American art.” Art in America 57 (1969): 24-35.

i. Hoffman, Abbie, and Jerry Rubin. “Yippie Manifesto.” In Takin’ it to the streets: a sixties reader, ed. Alexander Bloom and Wini Breines, 323-4. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.

>Alcalay, Amiel. “Memory/imagination/resistance.” South Atlantic Quarterly, 102, no. 4 (2003): 851-9.

k. Curtis, Michael, and Mordecai S. Chertoff, eds. Israel: Social structure and change. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books, 1973.

l. Crane, R.S. “A neglected mid-eighteenth century plea for originality and its author,” in Evidence for authorship: Essays on problems of attribution. Edited by David V. Erdman and Ephim G. Vogel. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1966, 273-282.

m. Wheatley, Jack. April, 1986. “The use of case studies in the science classroom.” Journal of College Science Teaching, 15: 428-31.

3. To find out if the library has the above items, what search terms would you use and what option in the third drop-down box on QuickSearch?

4. You want to find out about college athletes and their academic achievement. You go to ERIC which is the best education index, and you find many articles. You would like to refine your search by using the ERIC subject headings. When you click on the record, this is what you find:


What are the subject headings you can use (remember in periodical indexes, subject headings are sometimes called descriptors)?

5. You want to find some articles on United States protest to the Vietnam War. You go to the database America: History and Life, because that is the best index to use for American history. You find an article, but would like to use the designated subject headings to maybe narrow down your search. You click on what looks like a good article, and you see the following:


What are the subject headings you can use?

6. You are doing research on the effect of stress on children’s memories. Your instructor told you about an article on the subject that would probably be valuable. You have the title of the article, but nothing else. Go to QuickSearch and type in: maltreated children’s memory: accuracy, suggestibility and psychopathology. In the first drop-down menu choose Article and in the third choose Title. Click on the title of the article and see if you can find it in full text. What are your options for downloading this article?


Answers to question 2: What information have you got?

a. Author, Title, Title, Volume #, Date, Pages = Journal article.

The first title is the article title, the second, in italics, is the title of the journal.

b. Editors (authors), Date, Title (in italics), Place of publication, Publisher. = Book.

c. Author, Date, Title, “In”, Title, Editor, Place of publication, Publisher, Pages. = Chapter in a book.

The first author is the author of the chapter; the first title is the title of the chapter. “In” is always a dead give-away that you’re looking at a book chapter.

d. Author, Date, Title, Place of publication, Publisher. = Book

e. Authors, Title, “In,” Title, Editor, Pages, Place of publication, Publisher, Date. = Chapter in a book. Remember the “In.”

f. Author, Title, Title (in italics), Volume and Issue, Date, Pages. = Journal article

g. Author, Title, Place of publication, Publisher, Date. = Book

h. Author, Title, Title (in italics), Volume, Date, Pages. = Journal article

i. Authors, Title, “In,” Title, Editors, Pages, Place of publication, Publisher, Date. = Chapter in a book.

j. Author, Title, Title, Volume and issue, Date, Pages. = Journal article

k. Authors, Title, Place of publication, Publisher, Date. = Book

l. Author, Title, “In,” Title, Editors, Place of publication, Publisher, Date. = Book chapter.

m.  Author, Date, Title, Title, Volume #, Pages. = Journal article.

Answers to question 3:

a. In this one you’re looking for an article in a journal. Your best option would be to use Journals in the first drop-down box and In the title for the third drop down box. This is very important. To find out if we have the article, you need to find out if we actually have the journal the article is in. So you would type in the terms Library journal and search QuickSearch for the title of the journal.

If you click on the tab that says Locations/Request item, you see that the library has from volume 1 (which is the one you’re looking for) and the dash after 1876 means we are still receiving this journal. So you would need to find the journal, and then find the article within the journal.

b. Becker, howard as Author or
Making the grade: the academic side of college life as Title

c. Here you are looking for a chapter in the book, so you need to find the actual book that chapter is in.

Oblinger, Diana as Author or
Educating the net generation as Title.

You would NOT look for the author or title of the chapter.

d. Toffler Alvin as Author or
Future shock as Title

e. Again, you have a chapter in a book, so you need to find the book.

Greenbaum joan as Author or
Greenbaum and kyng as Author or
Design at work: cooperative design of computer systems as Title

f. Journal in 1st drop-down box, then Futurist in search box and Title in the 3rd drop-down box

g. Bromell nick as Author or
Tomorrow never knows: rock and psychedelics in the 1960s as Title

h. Journal in 1st drop-down box, then art in america in search box and Title in the 3rd drop-down box

i. bloom alexander as Author or
bloom and breines as Author or
takin’ it to the streets: a sixties reader as Title

j. Journal in 1st drop-down box, then south atlantic quarterly in search box and Title in the 3rd drop-down box

k. Curtis Michael as Author or
Curtis and cherthoff as Author or
Israel: social structure and change as Title

l. erdman david as Author or
erdman and vogel as Author or
Evidence for authorship: Essays on problems of attribution as Title

m. Journal in 1st drop-down box, then journal of college science teaching in search box and Title in the 3rd drop-down box

Answer to question 4:

  • Grade point average
  • Academic achievement
  • Athletes
  • Motivation
  • Factor analysis
  • Correlation
  • College students
  • Statistical analysis
  • Higher education
  • Data analysis
  • Comparative analysis
  • Whites
  • Males
  • Surveys
  • Investigations
  • Universities
  • Educational psychology

Answer to question 5:

  • Peace movements
  • Social movements
  • Demonstrations (collective behavior)
  • War
  • Protest movements
  • Vietnam War 1961-1975
  • Practical politics
  • Values

Answer to question 6:

If you look at the top right-hand side of the first page of the article, you have two options: Full text html and Full text PDF. You can use either of these options to download and save the article. In some cases, those options may show up in a different place: on the top left, on the left or right halfway down the page, at the end of the article. And you don’t always have a choice. In many cases you can only download an article in PDF. So look for these options when you find an article online that you want to save or prin


Chapter 4 Tutorials

Finding Articles in Academic Search Premier
From San Jose State University
Academic Search Premier works just like Iowa State’s Academic Search Elite

Peer Review in Three Minutes
From the University of North Caroline

The Peer Review Process
Why should you use peer-reviewed articles, and how do you find them?

How to Identify Scholarly Journal Articles
A short tutorial from Cornell that does a great job in a very short amount of time.

How to Read Citations
Another one of Cornell University Library’s short tutorials.

Reading Citations
This is a short tutorial with actual questions at the end. From the University of Victoria.

Understanding Citations
A very simple illustration of various citation types (books, articles, chapters, etc) from Bloomsburg University.

Chapter 3 Take-aways

chapter3cloud2Chapters 3 and 4 are the most difficult chapters and the quizzes are the most complex. Go over these questions after you have read the chapter and see if that helps you at all.

This video explains why controlled vocabulary (Library of Congress subject headings) is so important:

1. QuickSearch: Using the far right or third drop-down menu under the QuickSearch box, what is the best strategy for finding (describe your search and the menu item you would use):

  • A book by Tapscott on the digital generation?
  • A book by Sandra Gilbert with a title that includes the word madwoman?
  • A book by Land and Meyer?
  • The style manual by the American Psychological Association?
  • Any publication from the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers?
  • A book with the word inferno in the title, written by Brown?
  • A book about introverts with the word quiet in the title?
  • The book The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People?

2. QuickSearch: Use QuickSearch to search for the book titled How to win friends and influence people. Click on the details for that book. If you wanted to read other books on the same subject, which link(s) in the Details view should you click?

3. QuickSearch: Use QuickSearch to search for the book titled The future: six drivers of global change. Click on the details for that book. If you wanted to read other books on the same subject, which link(s) in the Details view should you click on?

4. QuickSearch: QuickSearch lets you refine or narrow your search results using links on the left side of the screen. Do a search on hurricane katrina. What are some criteria that can refine your search results in Quick Search?

5. Boolean operators (AND, OR and NOT) can be very confusing.


If you want to find information on trauma in childhood, if you just look for trauma, you will find lots of things (articles, books, etc) that are NOT about trauma in children. If you search for trauma AND children, you will get only those materials that have BOTH of the words in them. What you see as the darker blue section of the figure at the intersection of the circles is the universe that you would get of trauma and children. As you can see, you’re going to get fewer results than if you typed either in children or trauma by themselves.

Remember: When you connect words with the Boolean AND, you will get fewer results because you are getting results with BOTH words present in them.


If you wanted to find information on the growth of mobile technology usage in the past five years, you might start out with growth as one of your search terms. However, there are other terms that mean the same as growth. So the term growth in one article might be called development in another. So you want to make sure you get all the articles with both terms in them. If you look for growth OR development, you will be increasing the number of results—you’ll be getting all of the results that have either word in them, or all the blue areas.

Remember: When you connect words with the Boolean OR, you will get more results because you are getting results with either word in them.


Back to the question on the growth of mobile technology. You would want to search for the terms growth or development and you want those items that are about growth or development of mobile technology. You would couple the words growth and development using an OR—growth OR development with the subject of mobile technology:


6. Using Google Books: You need to find the book Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe. All the copies in the library are checked out, so you check Google Books. This is what you see:


What are your options for this book?

So let’s look at another one. You cannot find the book Imperial life in the emerald city: inside Iraq’s green zone in the library. You look for it in Google Books and this is what you find:


But when you click on the button that says VIEW EBOOK, you see this:


What does that mean?

7. Call numbers: You know that call numbers are a little confusing. All those letters and numbers. You need to remember:

  • B comes before BF comes before BL comes before
  • After the letters, the numbers in the first line are numerical—not decimal. LC59 comes before LC100 comes before LC 250 comes before LC 1234
  • On the second line, books are shelved by alphabetical order, but the numbers in the second line are decimals, as are any other number on a third line (unless it’s a date). So LC250/S54 comes before LC250/S6 comes before LC250/S7354.9.

So let’s try putting some call numbers in order:


And let’s try another group:


Now check the answers below to see how you did!

Answers to Question 1:

  1. tapscott AND digital generation——–using the menu item Anywhere in the record.
  2. gilbert AND madwoman——–Anywhere in the record
  3. land AND meyer——–As author/creator
  4. asimov AND robot——–Anywhere in the record
  5. american psychological association AND style——–Anywhere in the record
  6. institute of electrical and electronics engineers——–As author/creator
  7. inferno AND brown——–Anywhere in the record
  8. introverts AND quiet——–Anywhere in the record
  9. 7 habits of highly effective people——--In the title

Answer to question 2:

If you wanted to find books on the same subject, you would click on one of the links next to Subjects: Success; Persuasion (psychology); Leadership; Business communication.

Answer to question 3:

Click on one of the subjects listed in the record: Social change; Economic history—21st century; Technological innovations; Global environmental change; Globalization.

Answer to question 4:

You can only use the criteria that are listed on the left side of your search results to refine a search. So you can refine by Topic, Creator, Collection, Creation date, Resource type, Language, Classification. You cannot refine a search by popularity or by searching for another word within your search results, or by changing to a subject search.

Answer to question 6:

For Robinson Crusoe: If you look at the left hand side of the page, you see a red square that says EBOOK – FREE. That means you can download the whole text of this book right now!

For Imperial Life in the Emerald City: It means that you cannot get a free version of this book through Google Books. But—if you remember in the introductory chapter, we have a service called Interlibrary Loan, and you can request that book through that service.

Answers to Question 7:



If you have any questions about anything in this blog exercise or anything else in chapter 3, please contact me through the email function in Blackboard!!

Chapter 3 Tutorials

Boolean Operators
From the University of Auckland

Boolean Tutorial
From Colorado State University

What the Heck is Boolean Searching
From Western Carolina University

Keywords and Subject Headings—Two Ways of Searching
A presentation demonstrating the usefulness of searching with subject headings.

Library of Congress Subject Headings
From University of California, Berkeley

Library of Congress Call Number and Shelving Tutorial

Library of Congress Call Number Quiz

Subject Headings: What Are They
From Indiana State University

Chapters 3-5

elephant2This is when your lib 160 quizzes get a little tougher.  Quizzes 3 and 4 are usually especially difficult for many students.  Please 

  • think carefully about your answers and 
  • check the readings and the blog if you don’t understand a question.  Also remember that 
  • each attempt is essentially a new quiz–the answer to question 3 (or any other question) on your 3rd attempt is not the same answer (or question) as on your 2nd attempt.  
  • Review your previous attempt(s) before starting a new one.  
  • Start early, so if you are having problems I can help.  And–I can’t stress this enough–
  • do not take a 5th attempt without contacting me first.  Remember, I want everyone to pass this course.  

Chapter 2 Take-aways


Chapter 2 discusses the differences between Google and Google Scholar.  Both have their uses.  I use Google every day to purchase things or to find out about an upcoming dog show or to find lists of the best refrigerators to buy.  I also frequently use Google Scholar when I want to find scholarly research articles on a topic that I’m having difficulty finding elsewhere.  So, the question below is based on the Chapter 2 readings: 

1. Which of these would more commonly be in: Google Scholar or Google?

  1. Articles on the effects of pets on human longevity
  2. Pages to order pet gear
  3. A critical examination of the effects of the web on print newspapers
  4. A copy of The Onion
  5. A diagram of the periodic table of elements
  6. Background information on the Vietnam War
  7. An analysis of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder among Vietnam War vets

Answers are on the bottom of this page.

Chapter 2 lists criteria for evaluating information available on a website:

  • Accuracy–Is the information on the site accurate, factual?  
  • Authority–Is the author or sponsor of the website qualified to write expertly on this topic?
  • Content–A lot like accuracy. How does the content compare with other information you know about a topic? Is coverage complete? Does it leave out important information?
  • Currency–Look for a creation or “last updated” date. Non-working links could indicate the site has not be updated in a while. In some cases currency is not as important as other criteria (e.g., popular songs recorded in the 1960s), but in most cases it can be crucial (e.g., news of the day, new developments in cancer treatment).
  • Point of view–Does the site give more than one point of view on an issue, or does it only show one side of an issue?
  • Purpose–similar to point of view, ask yourself why the website exists. To inform? To convince or promote a particular viewpoint? To sell you something?

2. For each of the following websites, give the purpose of the site:


Chapter 2 indicates that Wikipedia has areas of strengths and areas of weaknesses. Most people would say you shouldn’t cite Wikipedia in a research paper.  But it is sometimes a great sources of information.  It often shows up early in Google search results because it is often used to introduce someone to a new issue or topic.

From the list of topics below, choose whether Wikipedia would be strong or weak for information on that topic.

  1. The architect for Vancouver’s tallest completed building.
  2. Information about the hip-hop band Public Enemy.
  3. Biographical information about Joseph McCarthy
  4. The world of professional wrestling
  5. Bauhaus architecture
  6. Detailed, factual information on slavery reparations after the Civil War
  7. The most recent information on the 2013 sequester
  8. Information on artificial intelligence.

Chapter 2 mentions that ISU makes its databases available to students who are working off-campus.  What do you use in order to log in to the databases the library makes available when you are off campus?

  1. Your nine-digit university ID number and a library password you choose
  2. Your net ID and password (for using CyMail, for example)
  3. Your eleven-digit university ID number and a library password you choose
  4. Your net ID and your university ID number


Answers to question 1:

  1. If you’re looking for articles, you search Google Scholar
  2. You can purchase items using Google
  3. To find critical analyses, use Google Scholar
  4. You can find issues of The Onion searching Google
  5. You can find images and diagrams by searching Google
  6. For background information on a subject, search Google
  7. For analytical studies, use Google Scholar

Answers to question 2:

  1. This is a company site and they want to sell you their products.
  2. This is an informational site—it’s there to inform.
  3. This is from an organization dedicated to erasing smoking from the world. They are pushing a certain point of view.
  4. This is a page from the National Institutes of Health whose purpose is to inform.
  5. The Sierra Club is a famous organization dedicated to the preservation of the land. They are pushing a point of view.
  6. This is a total hoax site.
  7. This is a site to sell test preparation for all of the national exams, such as the SAT, ACT, GRE, LSAT.

An organization whose purpose is to advocate for a particular point-of-view, such as the Sierra Club or Americans For Non-smokers’ Rights, is not necessarily a bad source of information. You just need to know their mission and validate information that you find on their sites.

Answers to question 3:

  1. Strong
  2. Strong
  3. Weak
  4. Strong
  5. Weak
  6. Weak
  7. Strong
  8. Strong

Answer to question 4:

To log into your library account off-campus, you need to use the last eleven digits of your university ID number and a password that you have previously chosen for this purpose

Chapter 1 Tutorials

Following are links to tutorials from other libraries that address some of the ideas in Chapter 1.

  • Assignment Calculator
    From San Jose State University, this interactive page lets you enter the due date for an assignment and then gives you particular dates for the different stages of your research. A great time-management tool.
  • The Information Cycle
    Another explanation of the information cycle from the University of Washington, focused on the Japanese tsunami of 2011.

  • One Perfect Source?
    Doing research isn’t about finding one article that covers your topic perfectly.

  • Picking Your Topic IS Research
    Understanding the iterative process of the research process. Very well done.

  • Tutorial For Information Power (TIP)
    From the University of Wyoming

Chapter 1 Take-aways

When you are first starting to think about your topic for an assignment, there are issues about it that you need to consider BEFORE starting to do any research.

The first of these is WHEN the event you are writing about occurred. The time of the event will determine what kinds of information resources might be available to you. For instance, if you are doing a project on the American/Mexican border wall, because it is happening now, you probably won’t find many journal articles on this topic, unless you are looking for general information on border walls in general. Nor, probably, will you find books. It takes time to publish both books and scholarly journal articles, and the recent border wall developments are too recent. You can probably find magazine, newspapers, and web sites that discuss this particular subject.


So when an event occurred is going to be very influential in determining what kinds of information you will find.

If you know nothing about a topic you are beginning to research, encyclopedias can be useful. In this particular case, probably Wikipedia is a good place to start.

Chapter 2 mentions 3 major consideration to help you get started in your research.   The chart below identifies those three:


Finding Tools

What are the three major finding tools for your research, according to Chapter 1?

  • Library discovery tools (in our library–QuickSearch)–books, videos, sometimes websites
  • Periodical indexes–journal articles
  • Web search engines–journal articles, videos, websites

These are the tools you use to find the appropriate information sources, such as books, journal articles, videos, newspaper articles, and web sites that might be appropriate for your research project.

Types of Information Sources

Chapter 1 illustrates the types of information sources used for different types of information you need:

      • Library discovery tools

        • Background  information

        • Statistics

      • Periodical indexes

        • Statistics

        • News and general information

        • Scholarly, peer-reviewed journal articles

      • Web search engines

        • Background information

        • Statistics

        • News & general information

        • Governmental sources

        • Other likely organizations, agencies

Primary and Secondary Sources

Primary sources:  first account(s) of an event, often eye-witness.  Examples:

  • Diaries
  • Interviews
  • Letters
  • Raw data
  • Official documents
  • Legislation and court records
  • Photographs, postcards, posters
  • Newspaper articles
  • Speeches
  • Creative works (novels, songs, plays)
  • Maps

Secondary sources:  “second hand” accounts that have been analyzed and/or interpreted.  Usually written some time after an event takes place.  Examples:

  • Textbooks
  • Scholarly journal articles
  • Books
  • Encyclopedias
  • Reviews
  • Biographies
  • Reports
  • Handbooks

Choose your search terms carefully:

      • To get better, more relevant results
      • To help focus your search
      • To determine whether you’d be better off using a scholarly index with controlled  vocabulary
      • To use the correct controlled vocabulary for the different scholarly indexes


Instructor/Student Responsibilities

wordleFor any learning to take place in a course, instructors and students each have responsibilities.  These are the ones I feel are important for this course.  I promise to do my best to fulfill my responsibilities. How about you?


Faculty member

  • Let students know how grades will be determined
  • Hold and attend all scheduled office hours
  • Let students know about assignments and tests early in the semester
  • Communicate regularly by e-mail or other communication venues within BlackBoard
  • Practice fairness and consistency
  • Show respect and consideration
  • Meet with students at times other than office hours at an agreed-upon time and location satisfactory to the student and the instructor.
  • Encourage questions and offer help to students when needed.
  • Monitor student progress and notify students who are not fulfilling expectations.
  • Ensure the confidentiality of all students in the course



  • Know important dates
  • Participate in class quizzes and the final examination at the times indicated in the syllabus and on the BlackBoard calendar
  • Dedicate time necessary to complete course readings, quizzes, and other suggested materials
  • Ask for help when needed
  • Monitor BlackBoard for announcements and messages from instructor regularly
  • Accept responsibility for learning
  • Practice academic honesty in all work
  • Notify instructor of emergency situations which will have an effect on student’s performance of class requirements
  • Display respect and consideration